Not only the player or the facilities, but the fan is also a factor that increases the stock value of many European teams. However, to be able to issue shares to the public (IPO), football clubs need both a long step and large assets to prepare.
Stocks of soccer clubs began to appear in the stock market in the early 1990s. The first clubs were Manchester United, Chelsea, Leeds United, Liverpool, etc.
One of the first strengths that clubs need is to own their own football fields as a collateral, which is also a key place to play and practice matches. Manchester United Club (MU) owns the second largest Old Trafford Stadium in England, after the Wembley National Stadium. The stadiums also have a museum area, a traditional room, a restaurant (Red Café – Old Trafford) and special rooms for VIPs. The training center is a medium area with many physiotherapy rooms, swimming pools, etc.
The system to find young talent and train good young players is an advantage that clubs have to show class. MU has this center since 1930, has trained many excellent players like Duncan Edwards, Bobby Charlton, Ryan Giggs, David Beckham, Paul Scholes, etc.
Funding comes from the tournaments as well as the sponsors and sponsors who contribute to the club’s operation, maintenance and development. In addition, it is a source of money from exclusive advertising contracts and long-term sponsorship of sports-related brands.
Up to the time of listing, the clubs have a long history of national football championship, including MU 7 times, Arsenal 10 times, FA cup (MU 7 times, Arsenal 5 times) and super cup football. playing English (MU 10 times, Arsenal 8 times). These are the most successful clubs in England as well as having the number of fans in Europe. MU has about 13 million fans in the UK and more than 75 million fans in the world.
With solid infrastructures, high rankings in domestic and continental seasons, a huge number of fans, in 1991, MU changed to a new form of limited company with shareholding and listing. listed on the London Stock Exchange for £ 18 million.
he stock listing is also a way for fans to support, build and be loyal to their favorite club.
The stock of the club goes up and down depending on what they achieve. In addition, from the up and down rankings in the rankings as well as the advertising contracts the club has with firms, businesses, the total number of tickets sold per game, training outstanding players. and later on, buying high class players for the club.