Trading first existed as bartering, where goods were exchanged for other commodities, with no significant value equivalence, merely for purposes of exchanging based on need. For instance, if I was a farmer and wanted to eat fish, I would visit a fisherman and exchange some of my provisions for some of his fish. Then man started mining metals. Metals were considered valuable due to its scarcity and was first traded in its raw form.
Eventually, in the third millennium BC, gold and silver were traded as currency and by the 7th century, the first mint was built in Turkey, to produce coins. Other nations followed suit and by the 10th century China began printing paper money causing inflation to skyrocket, and by the 15th century, paper money was abolished during the Ming dynasty. By the 16th to the 17th century, shells were minted as currency but by the 17th century, bank notes started to become the new way to trade, causing bankruptcy in addition to inflation.
The first banking systems were the temples that existed in the 18th century BC. Preciousmetals were stored in the temples because temples represented a sacred place and it meant to deter thieves from stealing. Throughout the 19th and the 20th centuries, money existed as gold and silver coins. When governments took over the banking responsibilities, paper money was used and coins were manufactured from other metals such as copper. The value of the paper money was determined by the Government and eventually, banking institutions started forming.
Banks looked for more innovative ways to carry around currency and eventually, checks were created. Customers could write large sums of money on these paper forms which acted as a promissory note for the exchange of money at banks. Then came the electronic age. Customers would be able to access their monetary assets held at the banks, via electronic machines that operated 24/7 once they had an access card. Telebanking also became famous whereby consumers can transfer funds, pay bills and find out the balance of their accounts, all through a telephone.Soon enough, Internet banking and online transactions became possible. Money could be transferred digitally to anywhere in the world but you could still physically withdraw money from your bank accounts.
In 2008 to 2009, the world’s first digital currency was created and called Bitcoin. This digital money could not be seen physically and could only be transferred via the Internet. Its value then was $0 but today it is worth over $6800 and growing. Bitcoin gave rise to cryptocurrency, known as the digital gold. There are more than 10 types of cryptocurrencies existing today, Bitcoin of course, being the most valuable. Unlike regular currency, banking systems do not exist for cryptocurrency, yet it is secure and maybe more valuable, created out of code and using blockchain technology.
Cryptocurrency would change the future of money which is constantly being devalued every day. The currency is still new but it is steadily gaining popularity and value. Sometime in the future, we may have a 100% paperless currency.